The rhinovirus is one of the viruses that causes the common cold. Cold symptoms associated with an infection with this virus include coughing, fever, sore throat, and a runny nose. There are no treatments that can kill this virus; treatment involves relieving symptoms as the body fights the infection. A lot is known about this virus, thanks to common cold researchers who are hard at work looking for an effective cure or vaccine for this type of virus.
What Is Rhinovirus?
The common cold is caused by a virus. More than 200 different viruses are known to cause the common cold. One such type of virus is the rhinovirus.
Facts About Rhinovirus
Rhinoviruses (from the Greek word rhin, meaning "nose") are the cause of the common cold in an estimated 30 to 35 percent of all adults. More than 110 distinct rhinovirus types have been identified. This virus belongs to the Picornaviridae family of viruses. A rhinovirus is a very small RNA virus.
Rhinovirus types are most active in early fall, spring, and summer. They can live up to 3 hours on your skin. They also can survive up to 3 hours on objects such as telephones and doorknobs.
These viruses grow best at temperatures of about 91 degrees Fahrenheit, the temperature inside the human nose.
When someone becomes infected with a rhinovirus, he or she will experience what is commonly known as the common cold. The symptoms usually begin 2 to 3 days after infection. The symptoms of infection with this type of virus often include:
- Mucus buildup in your nose
- Difficulty breathing through your nose
- Swelling of your sinuses
- Sore throat
With a rhinovirus infection, fever is usually slight, but can climb to 102 degrees Fahrenheit in infants and young children.
Symptoms can last from 2 to 14 days, but like most people, you'll probably recover in about a week. An infection rarely causes serious problems.