Virus Health Topics

Featured Conditions and Diseases
The bird flu is generally rare in humans, but there is concern that it may soon cause a pandemic. This eMedTV resource examines bird flu in humans and birds (especially the H5N1 strain), including transmission, symptoms, and treatment options.
Hog cholera is a contagious disease that can occur in swine, and is caused by a virus. This portion of the eMedTV archives describes prevention, transmission, and symptoms of the three different types and what would happen during an outbreak.
Smallpox is an infectious disease that is characterized by bumps on the face and body. This part of the eMedTV site offers an in-depth look at the history of this disease, with information on its causes, symptoms, and prevention methods.
Viruses are the most common cause of pneumonia in children under the age of five. This part of the eMedTV Web site takes a closer look at viral pneumonia, with detailed information on symptoms, prevention, treatment options, and more.
Yellow fever is a serious disease caused by a specific virus. This page from the eMedTV site discusses this disease in detail, including how it is transmitted, possible symptoms, treatment options, and more.
Featured Medications
Acyclovir and hydrocortisone is a combination medication used for the treatment of cold sores. This eMedTV segment offers a complete overview of this product, including how to apply it, safety issues to discuss with your doctor, and side effects.
Acyclovir cream is licensed to treat cold sores in adults and adolescents (age 12 or over). This eMedTV page offers an overview of the medicine, providing information on how the cream works, potential side effects, and tips for taking the medication.
Megace ES is a drug prescribed to help stimulate appetite and cause weight gain in people with AIDS. This eMedTV resource offers an in-depth overview on the effectiveness of this medicine, potential side effects, dosing instructions, and more.
Nevirapine XR is a medication prescribed to treat HIV and AIDS. This eMedTV Web selection takes an in-depth look at this medicine, including how it works, possible side effects, general dosing tips, and more.
Oseltamivir is a prescription drug that is used to treat and prevent the flu. This eMedTV resource provides a detailed description of this medication and its uses. This page also includes information on dosage, strengths, and potential side effects.
Available by prescription, palivizumab is a drug used for the prevention of serious problems related to RSV. This eMedTV page explains how this drug works to minimize RSV complications in children. Details on dosing and side effects are also discussed.
Rimantadine is a prescription drug that is licensed to both treat and prevent the flu. This eMedTV Web page explains how it works and offers a more in-depth look at the medicine's effects, dosing information, and potential side effects.
Fever, mild rash, and blisters on the body are a few smallpox vaccine side effects. As this eMedTV page explains, there is also a risk of developing severe side effects, such as encephalitis, that can lead to serious complications.
Tesamorelin is commonly used in people who have lipodystrophy as a result of HIV treatment. This eMedTV Web page provides a detailed overview of this medication, with information on how it works, possible side effects, and when and how to take it.
The yellow fever vaccine requires only one shot and provides protection for 10 years or more. This eMedTV Web page gives an overview of this vaccine, listing possible side effects and describing who should and shouldn't get it.
Zanamivir is a prescribed medication that is approved to treat and prevent influenza A and influenza B. This eMedTV Web article explains how the drug works and provides information on possible side effects, general precautions, and dosing tips.
Zidovudine was the first medication approved for the treatment of HIV and AIDS. This article from the eMedTV archives explains how the drug works and describes its effects, dosing information, potential side effects, and more.
Zovirax ointment is a prescription medication that is used to treat genital herpes and cold sores. This eMedTV article offers an overview of the drug, including information on how it works, dosing guidelines, possible side effects, and more.
Featured Germs
Arthropod-borne viruses are also known as arboviruses. As this page on the eMedTV site explains, they are a large group of viruses that are spread primarily by blood-sucking insects. This article also describes signs of infection, complications, and more.
Human infection with the avian flu virus is rare, and is often associated with contact with infected birds. This eMedTV article explains the virus in detail, including the various types and the potential threat posed to humans.
While the H5N1 virus doesn't usually infect people, 130 human cases have been reported since January 2004. This eMedTV resource discusses this virus in detail, including where it is prevalent, how it spreads, and preparations against a pandemic.
The HIV virus has to make a copy of its DNA inside a host cell in order to replicate. This page of the eMedTV Web site discusses the organization of this virus and explains which class of viruses it belongs to.
The influenza virus is not only highly contagious -- it also is highly changeable. This page of the eMedTV Web site examines this virus in detail, including subtypes, how it is transmitted, and what makes it so changeable.
A norovirus is a highly contagious virus that can cause what is often called "stomach flu." This page of the eMedTV Web site explains this virus in detail, including how it is transmitted, the illnesses it may cause, and more.
Parvovirus B19 is a virus that can cause a variety of conditions, including fifth disease. This eMedTV article takes an in-depth look at this virus, including information about how it is transmitted, the various conditions it can cause, and more.
The rhinovirus is the cause of the common cold in an estimated 30 to 35 percent of all adults. This eMedTV article explains how this virus is transmitted and offers treatment tips and prevention strategies.
A "stomach virus" does not affect the stomach -- it affects the small intestine. This eMedTV article identifies the four types of viruses that may cause the "stomach flu," describes the symptoms they cause, and explains how they are treated.
Variola virus (the cause of smallpox) has been eradicated. This eMedTV segment discusses this virus in detail, including information on how transmission occurs and how this virus could be used as a biological weapon.
Found in parts of Africa and South America, the yellow fever virus is a virus that causes yellow fever. This eMedTV segment discusses this virus in detail, including information on how it is transmitted by mosquitoes.
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